There are many reasons to be interested in the Impressionist movement. These painters were primarily French and were best known for their landscapes and still lifes. While they were well-known and widely appreciated, the movement also gave rise to other art movements. Listed below are the main artists associated with the Impressionist movement. Some of the most well-known examples of Impressionist art are the paintings of Claude Monet, Claude Seurat, Edouard Manet, and Paul Signac.
Table of Contents
Table of contents
French impressionist painter Claude Monet was known for his Water Lilies, a series of 250 oil paintings that capture the beauty of his garden in Giverny. Painted while suffering from cataracts in one eye, these paintings are among Monet’s most renowned works. They depict the lily pond, surrounding trees, and Japanese bridge. Monet shifted from depicting actual objects to abstracting the scene as the series progressed.
While studying at the Academie Suisse, Monet met Camille Pissarro, another influential Impressionist painter. A young Monet began sketching sailing ships and other marine scenes. This led him to study with a local artist, Eugene Boudin, and eventually became a painter himself. When he moved to Paris to further his studies, he was influenced by the Barbizon school and the painters of the Barbizon movement.
In 1890, Monet had already settled in Giverny, 65 km outside of Paris. In the garden, he planted many waterlilies and built a Japanese bridge over the lake. He was fascinated by the effect of light and color on his paintings. During this time, he also painted the Rouen Cathedral. Monet’s health began to deteriorate. While he was unable to paint his beloved wife, he continued to create art despite his failing health.
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The painting “La Mer a Grandcamp” by Claude Seurat captures the beginning of this process. He distilled colors down to the essentials to capture the tranquility of a fishing village in Normandy, which he rendered with great precision and vibrancy. This movement eventually became known as the Neo-Impressionist movement. Seurat’s later paintings reflected this process and became highly recognizable masterpieces.
Georges Seurat was born in Paris in 1859. The artist studied under Ingres and was an assistant to Henri Lehmann. Seurat first exhibited at the official Salon in 1883. The Salon jury rejected his submissions. This rejection motivated Seurat to found the Societe des Artistes Indépendents, which later held an annual Salon des Indépendents. The painter opted to focus his efforts on a small number of large paintings, which he thought were representative of the contemporary Parisian bourgeois life. Claude Seurat’s early work combines modeling in the round with flatness and static poses.
Seurat was particularly fascinated by scientific theories relating to color and shape. He believed that lines and colors of similar warmth could have expressive effects when they were applied separately. His experiments with this technique would later be translated into oils and result in some of the most revolutionary paintings of the Impressionist era. This technique is now known as Pointillism. Its application to painting is mainly responsible for its success.
Born in 1830, Manet is considered one of the most influential artists of the Impressionist movement. Although Manet was not an early member of the Impressionist movement, his paintings were often associated with it. Like the other Impressionist artists, Manet was influenced by the French school of Naturalism and Realism but also by 17th-century Spanish art. Despite his interest in contemporary Realism, he also maintained a dual fascination with the Old Masters.
His parents, who were both severely disabled, were often included in his works. However, his masterpiece, The Bar at the Folies-Bergere (1882), was not received with great acclaim in his lifetime. The painting did not receive any prestigious recognition until after his death, when his old friend, the Minister for Arts, was able to secure the Legion of Honor for him. Manet was an extremely prolific artist, producing over 400 oil paintings and hundreds of pastels and watercolors. He was also a master of illustration, creating many illustrations for poet Poe’s work.
Though Manet was a proponent of modern art, he was also associated with the progressive Realism movement. His paintings depicted nudity in women and were scorned by the French art establishment. However, this did not prevent Manet from becoming a standard-bearer for a new generation of artists. While his art was not a significant part of the Impressionist Exhibitions, his work nevertheless significantly impacted the development of modern art in Paris.
Although he was a leading member of the French school of painting, Signac also made his mark with his highly regimented and ordered works. He was influenced by Seurat, who developed a technique called Pointillism. Signac explained that Pointillism used a pure impressionist palette of bright, intense colors to render scenes. In contrast to his fellow Impressionists, he renounced muddy mixtures and focused on luminous, pure colors. His bright southern France summers helped inspire many of his works.
In 1896, Signac began studying Delacroix and published his book D’Eugene Delacroix au neo-impressionism. Signac was unable to attend the annual exhibition of the Societe des Artistes Indépendants but recovered sufficiently in time to serve as the French Pavillion commissioner at the Venice Biennale. His companionship with Saurat continued, and he took the lead in promoting the Neo-Impressionist movement, tracing its roots to Cezanne. Signac also discovered the beautiful port of Saint-Tropez, which he fell in love with and became a permanent residence.
Although Signac studied architecture before turning to paint, he decided to take up the medium when he was eighteen. Armand Guillaumin, another French artist, introduced him to the coloristic principles of Impressionism. In 1884, he met Monet and Seurat, who were admired for their systematic working methods. He was one of the founders of the Salon des artistes indépendants and is widely recognized as the father of Pointillism.
Henri Toulouse-Lautrec was a French painter famous for depicting women in realistic and humanistic manners. He eschewed fantasy to capture women’s raw emotions, and he caught the seedy side of Paris nightlife in his series of paintings, Elles. One of his best-known paintings is Woman Before a Mirror, a depiction of a brothel worker.
Born into an aristocratic family, Toulouse-Lautrec immersed himself in art from a young age. However, he suffered from frequent illnesses and a genetic condition that stunted his growth. In his youth, he joined the bohemian neighborhood of Montmartre, which attracted pleasure-seekers from all strata of society. The neighborhood offered Toulouse-Lautrec a wealth of artistic subject matter.
Aside from his paintings, he influenced Japanese art and Edgar Degas in his poster designs. His 1896 prints humanized marginal groups, such as sex workers. In 1882, Toulouse-Lautrec moved to a studio run by Fernand Cormon, where he met Vincent van Gogh and Emile Bernard. In the same year, he published his first book, The Impressionists: The Art of Painting and Printmaking.
Frederick Childe Hassam was born on October 17, 1859, in Dorchester, Massachusetts. His surname is a corruption of Horsham, a name from the 17th century that came to the New World with his ancestors. He studied anatomy at the Lowell Institute and later became a free-lance illustrator. In the 1880s, Childe Hassam traveled to Europe and began to paint. His style was influenced by French impressionist painters such as Claude Monet.
American painter Frederick Childe Hassam was born in 1859 in Dorchester. He was one of the first Impressionists to paint in Gloucester and spent nearly 30 years there. In 1883, Childe Hassam traveled to Paris and studied oil and watercolor. He returned to his hometown and began portraying American scenes using a pastel palette. He eventually became a founding member of the New York Watercolor Society and completed over 350 etchings and lithographs.
Childe Hassam was one of the most prolific American Impressionists. As the father of American Impressionism, he applied new international painting ideas to change American art. In addition to being a prolific painter, he was an influential member of the American Society of Artists and a prominent figure in the history of American art. During the time Julian lived at Weir House, he visited the house.
John Singer Sargent
John Singer Sargent was a French artist who heavily influenced the impressionist movement. His work reflected the style of the Spanish Master Velazquez, the Dutch Master Frans Hals, and Carolus-Duran. He was the darling of Paris until the 1884 Salon scandal when he had to leave the city. His ensuing trip to England saw him rise to fame in England.
Born in Florence, Sargent studied under Carolus Duran and the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. His success in Paris paved the way for his early move to London. Sargent’s artistic career grew rapidly when he traveled throughout Western Europe with his family. After graduating from the Academy of Florence, he moved to Paris and made friends with several artists. He studied under Carolus Duran in Paris and became a part of the bohemian artistic community of the city. His interest in music led him to be close friends with Wagner’s mother.
Sargent studied portraiture with Carolus-Duran. This mentor encouraged Sargent to use a broader palette and paint more freely. By the end of his studies, Sargent was accepted into the Paris Salons, the arbiters of what was considered acceptable art in France. Sargent painted a portrait of Mrs. Henry Marquand in 1885, which has become one of his best-known works.